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Lessons in the Lutheran Confessions
Concerning Both Kinds in the Lord’s Supper – part 5

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Luke 22:19–20

From the Confessions: The Defense of the Augsburg Confession

Concerning Both Kinds in the Lord’s Supper 

The adversaries do not endeavor in their Confutation to explain to the Church why one part of the Sacrament has been denied them. Good, religious men ought to have provided a strong reason for denying the Church, instructing those consciences to whom only a part of the Sacrament could be granted. These very men maintain that it is right to prohibit one kind, and forbid the allowance of both kinds.

Pulling It Together

In the institution of the Lord’s Supper, Jesus does not mention the bitter herbs or the sweet charoset or other elements of the Passover meal. He calls attention to those new courses in his meal that the Church is to remember. He does not spotlight two courses of matzo, but the one bread—his body “given for you.” Nor does he mention the four cups of deliverance, but only the one cup of deliverance—the new covenant in his blood. He has instructed us to remember him as we partake of both the bread and the wine.

Prayer: Thank you for the new covenant, sealed with your blood. Amen.

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A Latin phrase meaning “Scripture Alone,” Sola Scriptura is one of the traditional Lutheran slogans used since the time of the Reformation. It expresses our confession that Scripture is “the only rule and norm according to which all doctrines and teachers alike must be appraised and judged.” Using the familiar phrase as its title, Sola Scriptura is a new, advanced-level Bible Study in a two-part series, of six chapters each, on the functional authority of Scripture. For those who would like to cover the topic in detail, there is enough material to cover one chapter in two sessions, making each part a 12-week study.


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